Top Programming Languages For Android App Development

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As the first course in the Android Developer Nanodegree, Developing Android Apps is the foundation of our advanced Android curriculum. This course blends theory and practice to help you build great apps the right way. In this course, you’ll work with instructors step-by-step to build a cloud-connected Android app, and learn best practices of mobile development, and Android development in particular. So where is this Dog object defined?

PHP as a language can help you create dynamic websites, web applications, and all types of mobile apps as well. The foundation of mobile application development lies in the choice of programming language chosen by the developer. Java is easy to learn for a variety of reasons. There’s certainly no shortage of Java resources out there to help you learn the language, including websites, tutorials, books, and classes. Java is one of the most widely discussed, taught, and used programming languages on the planet. It’s used for many different types of programming projects, no matter their scale, from web applications to desktop applications to mobile applications.

top programming languages for android app development

If this one hiccup was taken care of, this framework would shoot even higher in popularity. Kony has one big drawback that there is lack of documentation and support which means it is a tough ride for the beginners. Data processing and background processing is not as fast with JavaScript as it would be if you used a native language. The best part about the framework is that you preview your project live while you are still making the changes.

Which Languages Are Used In Android App Development?

SpriteKit is Apple’s proprietary 2D game development framework that is compatible with both the languages Swift and Objective-C. This brilliant game engine offers you great convenience for easier scene management, manage and edit game objects or elements easily, and supports sound and developing custom codes. SpriteKit gives you immense flexibility for designing various levels and developing different particle systems. Navigation on SpriteKit is pretty easy as it uses Box2D as its physics engine and a built in camera.

Titanium is a great framework for treating the games with some exceptional effects and developers can also download custom modules from its marketplace. If you are planning to create a game that has simple features and less complex objects in motion, this is a great choice. This game engine has OpenGL as rendering engine. Cocos2D is perfect for someone who wants to develop for multiple platforms and enjoy working on Objective-C and Swift. As it is a cloud service, Firebase doesn’t really need any setup.

The framework adheres to the modern web standards as it delivers highly modular app development solutions. The framework works seamlessly with Angular JS and lets you customize their web applications according to the screen size, whether it is a desktop, tablet, or a phone. If you have some experience with JavaScript, this is the easiest tool to begin with. The framework allows the jQuery data source component which gives you easy data binding for both, local and remote data.


And, if you need some free online courses to start with then you can also check out this list of free Java Courses for beginners. Believe it or not, but JavaScript is the #1 language of the web. The rise of frameworks like jQuery, Angular, Vue, Svelte, and React.js has made JavaScript even more popular. Since you just cannot stay away from the web, it’s better to learn JavaScript sooner than later. If you are in hurry and just want to start right now, my suggestion is to start with JavaScript and React Native, two of the most popular tech to learn in 2021.

JCreator can handle various JDK profiles for multiple projects and offers strong API guidelines for developers. BlueJ allows for simple interaction with objects and has a strong editor that helps developers scan their code visually and create dynamic objects. BlueJ is an innovative Java IDE with unique features that many others lack, such as scope coloring, code pads, and object benches. BlueJ is portable and supports various operating systems. Eclipse supports over 100 programming languages, including JavaScript, Groovy, and Scala, and it has a robust set of modeling, charting, and testing tools. While you can write your Java programs in a simple text editor, a Java IDE with helpful tools will drastically increase your efficiency.

Because Java applications run within the bubble that is a virtual machine, they are isolated from the underlying device hardware. Therefore, a virtual machine can encapsulate, contain, and manage code execution in a safe manner compared to languages that operate in machine code directly. The Android platform takes things a step further. Therefore, it’s important to develop applications that are stable and responsive. Applications can communicate with one another using well-defined protocols.

Besides, this IDE provides analytical data to Android app developers, helping them to improve the app speed and fix bugs quickly. Using Visual Studio, developers can create high-performance and bug-free applications with intuitive user experience. Cross platform mobile app development involves developing mobile apps that are compatible with multiple platforms and software environments.


If you have worked with C, C++ is not going to be a big problem, as both the languages share almost all the features except that C++ is more comprehensive. Today, as the process of mobile application development has evolved, the approach to it has undergone a transformation as well. The build process, for regular Java projects, results in a file with the extension of JAR – Java ARchive. Android applications take JAR files and package them for deployment on devices as Android PacKage files with an extension .apk. The Android Manifest file is a file required by all Android applications, which you use to define configuration details about your app.

Can I write Java code in mobile?

Anacode is another IDE (integrated development environment) and source code editor that supports the languages Java, HTML, CSS, PHP, JavaScript and C/C++ and allows you to build and run from your android device.

However, an app cannot be created totally using C++ and the NDK is used to implement parts of the app in C++ native code. This helps in using C++ code libraries for the app as required. Firstly Java was the official language for Android App Development and consequently, it is the most used language as well. Many of the apps in the Play Store are built with Java, and it is also the most supported language by Google.

  • In her spare time, she would either love to read curled up on the couch or take a bag of necessities and drive off into the sunset.
  • While Java is primarily a server-side programming language and used for creating robust backend servers you can also use Java programming language for creating Android apps.
  • That is huge, considering the fact that Apple is not going to be removed from their top spot any time soon.
  • Because Java applications run within the bubble that is a virtual machine, they are isolated from the underlying device hardware.
  • Equipped with powerful tools for swift coding, this integrated development environment allows developers to create appealing mobile apps and test different functions.

It works just like any other Java’s integrated development environment in terms of file hierarchy and error investigating. JCreator is a powerful and lightweight Java IDE written in C++, which makes it faster than other Java IDEs. It has an interface similar to that of Microsoft’s Visual Studio making source code navigation easier.

top programming languages for android app development

It has a host of brilliant features and one of the most prominent ones is the Cocoon cloud which makes sure that you wouldn’t have to install SDKs. They also have a rich Plugins library which has just about any plugin you may need. The game development engine supports multiple platforms including iOS, Android, Amazon AppStore Plugin , Nook Plugin , Ouya Plugin , and Android Wear. Essentially an open-source framework, React Native offers great support to the IDEs and a number of other mobile app development tools. The framework is known as one of the optimal JavaScript frameworks for creating native apps for both, Android and iOS. A mobile app development framework that relies heavily on rich libraries like overthrow.js and fastclick.js and offers an enhanced overall experience.

That’s all about the 5 best programming languages for App development in 2021. You can choose anything you want but if you ask me, I suggest learn Java or JavaScript as both of them are mainstream languages and allows you to develop apps as well. You will not only become a master app developer but also a full-stack developer to command a higher salary.

The game development engine currently only supports the iOS platform and is only available as a paid platform. Using Sencha touch SDK the developers can code their mobile apps in HTML5 format and their code can be translated using a tool like PhoneGap. It also lets you scale your app to multiple resolutions so that your app is compatible with all the devices in the market. HeadSpin offers great insights into your app user experience that are actionable and can help you improve the performance of the mobile app.

This tool finds its application primarily for deep learning in practice and research. There are multiple such platforms in the market, and it does become a little challenging to pick one from the list. This is why I have brought together, for you a concise list of the top 20 mobile app development platforms and tools. It is the most popular programming language among developers and the main reason for its popularity is that it is quite easy to learn.